Tue, Sep 1

POL 389-800, Security Studies
SUNY Oswego | Fall 2020
Dr. Craig Warkentin

Reading

  • Ch. 2, Realism (Glaser, 13-29)

Goals

  • Articulate the main assumptions of realism
  • Compare/contrast various types of realism
  • Explain how realists conceptualize security
  • Describe realism's prescription for security

Terms

  • alliances (18)
  • balance of power (20)
  • balancing (18)
  • bandwagoning (19)
  • bipolar (26)
  • multipolar (26)
  • neorealism (15)
  • power (14)
  • security dilemma (16)
  • structural realism (15)
  • unipolar (26)

Preliminaries

Questions (28)

Reword each question into a proper discussion question before answering.

  1. Why is realism better understood as a family of theories than a single theory?
  2. What assumptions are shared by most realist theories?
  3. What is the key divide between structural and motivational realism?
  4. Why does Waltz believe that the international system tends to generate competition?
  5. Why does offensive realism believe that states maximize power?
  6. Why does defensive realism believe states should attempt to signal their benign motives?
  7. Which variables influence the severity of the security dilemma and how do they matter?
  8. How can a state's declining power create incentives for preventive war?
  9. How does defense advantage reduce incentives for war?